During the Ottoman Empire, a crucial goal of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Therefore there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the concrete origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, mostly sectarian educational system with a nonreligious, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician Individuals's Celebration (CHP) spiritual education was reinstated in 1948. This included the establishment of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration government, which set up seven special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools encountered the risk of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the introduction of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only enrol in university programs if they had actually passed courses used at nonreligious schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 essential reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as trade schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for greater education.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually initially, but their numbers broadened quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, developed by the CHP and the MSP (National Salvation Party), committed to reopen junior high schools and giving the right of entry to university through assessment. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of almost 4 years. During the 1974-75 academic year the variety of students taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females got the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently mentioned as the effect of the National Salvation Celebration's membership of a variety of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance since 1980
The coup d'etat website of September 12, 1980 is an important turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools gained the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, two brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the goal of adding to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased given that, the variety of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partially due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education used at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the overall variety of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had actually sharply increased to reach 511,502. Together with this enormous increase in popularity, the variety of schools likewise increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The increase in both student and school numbers can be credited to factors including the dedication of individuals to religion, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and a boost in need for religious education.
Research recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees registered at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to get religious tutoring alongside a more basic education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based exclusively on the student's decision. The 3rd proposed consider the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, practically 100,000 women attended Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all trainees. This figure is especially exposing due to the fact that females are not qualified to become either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of 8 years of required education in 1997 has actually seen an abrupt decrease in the appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" meant that, although more alternatives had been provided to graduates, obtaining locations at distinguished university courses became more difficult.By requiring that all eight mandatory years of schooling be spent under the same primary-school roofing system, middle schools were abolished. Kids might not go into employment schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) up until the ninth grade (rather than the 6th, as prior to).